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    成考高起点英语代词误用辨析

    2015-05-16 14:08http://www.dxjiao.com江苏成考网

    1.中文:伦敦的夏天比我家乡的夏天更热。

    (误)London is much hotter in summer than my hometown.

    (正)It is much hotter in London in summer than in my hometown.(用it代表气候,天气等。)

    2.中文:他的书跟我的很不一样。

    (误)His book is quite different from me.

    (正)His book is quite different from mine.(mine = my book,应保持比较的双方性质的一致。)

    3.中文:我有件重要的事告诉你。

    (误)I have important something to tell you.

    (正)I have something important to tell you.(修饰something,nothing,anything等不定代词时,形容词应放在其后。)

    4.中文:每个学生都应该做他自己的功课。

    (误)Every student should do their own homework.

    (正)Every student should do his own homework.(every student是单数,其后的代词也用单数。)

    5.中文:我喜欢收到别人的来信,但不愿意写信。

    (误)I like to receive letters but do not like to write it.

    (正)I like to receive letters but do not like to write them.(代词的人称与数应与它代替的名词相同。)

    6.中文:孩子们和他都还没有吃晚餐。

    (误)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten their supper.

    (正)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten his supper.(neither……nor是对等相关连词,nor后面的主语决定后面的谓语动词及代词的形式。)

    7.中文:布朗太太向她的朋友玛丽和我打招呼。

    (误)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and I.

    (正)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and me.(Mary and me是宾语friends的同位语,因此用宾格形式。)

    8.中文:我的两个姊姊都不在这。

    (误)None of my two sisters is here.

    (正)Neither of my two sisters is here.(neither用于两者的否定;none用于三者以上的否定。)

    9.中文:他认识我的两个姊姊。

    (误)He knows my both sisters.

    (正)He knows both my sisters.(both用在the,his,my等修饰语之前。)

    10.中文:这本书的价格是多少?

    (误)How much is the price of the book?

    (正)What is the price of the book?(对价格提问用what,没有price一词时用how much.)

    11.中文:我有一本新字典还有几本旧的。

    (误)I have a new dictionary and several old one.

    (正)I have a new dictionary and several old ones.(代替前面提到过的可数名词,复数要用ones.)

    12.中文:安迪,保罗和我共唱一首歌。

    (误)I, Andy and Paul sang a song together.

    (正)Andy, Paul and I sang a song together.(有多个主语或宾语时,I或me在最后。)

    13.中文:他们很了解我们中国人。

    (误)They know our Chinese well.

    (正)They know us Chinese well.(Chinese为宾语us的同位语。)

    14.中文:说好英语不容易。

    (误)That is not easy to speak good English.

    (正)It is not easy to speak good English.(it当形式主语,代替不定式。)

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