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    成考高起点英语不定式误用辨析

    2015-05-16 14:08http://www.dxjiao.com江苏成考网

    1.中文:为了准时,我们加快了步伐。

    (误)So as to be in time we hurried.

    (正)In order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)

    2.中文:你说这些话真傻。

    (误)It’s very foolish for you to say so.

    (正)It’s very foolish of you to say so.(表示评价的形容词被带逻辑主语的不定式修饰时,介词要用of.)

    3.中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

    (误)Didn’t you ask them to never do that?

    (正)Didn’t you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)

    4.中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

    (误)Here is a new book for you to read it.

    (正)Here is a new book for you to read.(作形容词用法的带逻辑主语的不定式for you to read的宾语,实际上就是它所修饰的new book,其后不可再加宾语。)

    5.中文:他够年龄,可以上学了。

    (误)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

    (正)He is old enough to go to school.(形容词+enough+不定式表示足够…而可。)

    6.中文:他太好了,寄给我许多书。

    (误)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

    (正)He was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so……as to表示如此…以致。)

    7.中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

    (误)You had better not to go out in the rain.

    (正)You had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)

    8.中文:你喜欢听别人谈话吗?

    (误)Do you like listening to others to talk?

    (正)Do you like listening to others talk?(感官动词或使役动词的宾语补语用原形不定式。)

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